Abstract
Combined-permutation representations (CPRs) for characterizing \(D_{6h}\)-skeletons (a benzene skeleton, a Haworth-projected skeleton, a superphane skeleton, and a coronene skeleton) are constructed by starting from respective sets of generators, where the permutation of each generator is combined with a mirror-permutation of 2-cycle to treat both achiral and chiral substituents under the GAP system. Thereby, the CPR of degree 8 (= 6 + 2) for the benzene skeleton, the CPR of degree 14 (= 12 + 2) for the Haworth-projected skeleton, the CPR of degree 14 (= 12 + 2) for the superphane skeleton, the CPR of degree 14 (= 12 + 2) for the coronene skeleton are generated to give primary mark tables (tables of marks) based on these CPRs. These primary mark tables generated by the GAP system are different in the sequence of subgroups from each other, although they stem from the same point group \(D_{6h}\). They are unified into a single standard mark table by means of a newly-devised GAP function MarkTableforUSCI. Moreover, another newly-devised GAP function constructUSCITable is employed to construct a standard USCI-CF (unit-subduced-cycle-index-with-chirality-fittingness) table concordantly. After a set of PCI-CFs (partial cycle indices with chirality fittingness) is calculated for each skeleton, symmetry-itemized combinatorial enumeration is conducted by means of the PCI method of Fujita’s USCI approach (S. Fujita, Symmetry and Combinatorial Enumeration in Chemistry, Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg, 1991).